3rd page

Practitioner
DefinitionA person who is directly or indirectly involved in the provisioning of healthcare.
Cardinality0...*
Invariants
  • dom-2:If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources
    contained.contained.empty()
  • dom-4:If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated
    contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()
  • dom-3:If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource
    contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()
  • dom-6:A resource should have narrative for robust management
    text.`div`.exists()
  • dom-5:If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label
    contained.meta.security.empty()
  • inv-1:name or idenifier is required
Mappings
  • rim:Entity. Role, or Act
  • v2:PRD (as one example)
  • rim:Role
  • servd:Provider
Practitioner.id
DefinitionThe logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
SummaryTrue
Comments

The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.

Practitioner.meta
DefinitionThe metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource.
Cardinality0...1
TypeMeta
SummaryTrue
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.implicitRules
DefinitionA reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.
Cardinality0...1
Typeuri
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Comments

Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Practitioner.language
DefinitionThe base language in which the resource is written.
Cardinality0...1
Typecode
Binding

A human language.

CommonLanguages (preferred)
Comments

Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute).

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Practitioner.text
DefinitionA human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it "clinically safe" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.
Cardinality0...1
TypeNarrative
Aliasnarrative, html, xhtml, display
Comments

Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied). This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a "text blob" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
  • rim:Act.text?
Practitioner.contained
DefinitionThese resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.
Cardinality0...*
TypeResource
Aliasinline resources, anonymous resources, contained resources
Comments

This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels.

Mappings
  • rim:Entity. Role, or Act
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.modifierExtension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions. Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
ModifierTrue
Aliasextensions, user content
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.identifier
DefinitionAn identifier that applies to this person in this role.
Cardinality0...*
TypeIdentifier
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Often, specific identities are assigned for the agent.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)
  • rim:II - The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs. Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]
  • servd:Identifier
  • w5:FiveWs.identifier
  • v2:PRD-7 (or XCN.1)
  • rim:./id
  • servd:./Identifiers
Practitioner.identifier.id
DefinitionUnique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Practitioner.identifier.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.identifier.use
DefinitionThe purpose of this identifier.
Cardinality0...1
Typecode
Binding

Identifies the purpose for this identifier, if known .

IdentifierUse (required)
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Allows the appropriate identifier for a particular context of use to be selected from among a set of identifiers.

Comments

Applications can assume that an identifier is permanent unless it explicitly says that it is temporary.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:N/A
  • rim:Role.code or implied by context
Practitioner.identifier.type
DefinitionA coded type for the identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.
Cardinality0...1
TypeCodeableConcept
Binding

A coded type for an identifier that can be used to determine which identifier to use for a specific purpose.

Identifier Type Codes (extensible)
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Allows users to make use of identifiers when the identifier system is not known.

Comments

This element deals only with general categories of identifiers. It SHOULD not be used for codes that correspond 1..1 with the Identifier.system. Some identifiers may fall into multiple categories due to common usage. Where the system is known, a type is unnecessary because the type is always part of the system definition. However systems often need to handle identifiers where the system is not known. There is not a 1:1 relationship between type and system, since many different systems have the same type.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CE/CNE/CWE
  • rim:CD
  • orim:fhir:CodeableConcept rdfs:subClassOf dt:CD
  • v2:CX.5
  • rim:Role.code or implied by context
Practitioner.identifier.system
DefinitionEstablishes the namespace for the value - that is, a URL that describes a set values that are unique.
Cardinality1...1
Typeuri
SummaryTrue
Requirements

There are many sets of identifiers. To perform matching of two identifiers, we need to know what set we're dealing with. The system identifies a particular set of unique identifiers.

Comments

Identifier.system is always case sensitive.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Fixed Value

https://fhir.mhn.asia/emr/NamingSystem/mykadno

Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CX.4 / EI-2-4
  • rim:II.root or Role.id.root
  • servd:./IdentifierType
Practitioner.identifier.value
DefinitionThe portion of the identifier typically relevant to the user and which is unique within the context of the system.
Cardinality1...1
Typestring
SummaryTrue
Comments

If the value is a full URI, then the system SHALL be urn:ietf:rfc:3986. The value's primary purpose is computational mapping. As a result, it may be normalized for comparison purposes (e.g. removing non-significant whitespace, dashes, etc.) A value formatted for human display can be conveyed using the Rendered Value extension. Identifier.value is to be treated as case sensitive unless knowledge of the Identifier.system allows the processer to be confident that non-case-sensitive processing is safe.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Examples
General

123456


Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CX.1 / EI.1
  • rim:II.extension or II.root if system indicates OID or GUID (Or Role.id.extension or root)
  • servd:./Value
Practitioner.identifier.period
DefinitionTime period during which identifier is/was valid for use.
Cardinality0...1
TypePeriod
SummaryTrue
Comments

A Period specifies a range of time; the context of use will specify whether the entire range applies (e.g. "the patient was an inpatient of the hospital for this time range") or one value from the range applies (e.g. "give to the patient between these two times").

Period is not used for a duration (a measure of elapsed time). See Duration.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • per-1:If present, start SHALL have a lower value than end
    start.hasValue().not() or end.hasValue().not() or (start <= end)
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:DR
  • rim:IVL<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"] or URG<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"]
  • v2:CX.7 + CX.8
  • rim:Role.effectiveTime or implied by context
  • servd:./StartDate and ./EndDate
Practitioner.identifier.assigner
DefinitionOrganization that issued/manages the identifier.
Cardinality0...1
TypeReference(Organization)
SummaryTrue
Comments

The Identifier.assigner may omit the .reference element and only contain a .display element reflecting the name or other textual information about the assigning organization.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ref-1:SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided
    reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %rootResource.contained.id.trace('ids'))
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)
  • v2:CX.4 / (CX.4,CX.9,CX.10)
  • rim:II.assigningAuthorityName but note that this is an improper use by the definition of the field. Also Role.scoper
  • servd:./IdentifierIssuingAuthority
Practitioner.active
DefinitionWhether this practitioner's record is in active use.
Cardinality0...1
Typeboolean
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Need to be able to mark a practitioner record as not to be used because it was created in error.

Comments

If the practitioner is not in use by one organization, then it should mark the period on the PractitonerRole with an end date (even if they are active) as they may be active in another role.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • w5:FiveWs.status
  • rim:./statusCode
Practitioner.name
DefinitionA human's name with the ability to identify parts and usage.
Cardinality0...*
TypeMyHumanName
SummaryTrue
Requirements

The name(s) that a Practitioner is known by. Where there are multiple, the name that the practitioner is usually known as should be used in the display.

Comments

Names may be changed, or repudiated, or people may have different names in different contexts. Names may be divided into parts of different type that have variable significance depending on context, though the division into parts does not always matter. With personal names, the different parts might or might not be imbued with some implicit meaning; various cultures associate different importance with the name parts and the degree to which systems must care about name parts around the world varies widely.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:XPN
  • rim:EN (actually, PN)
  • servd:ProviderName
  • v2:XCN Components
  • rim:./name
  • servd:./PreferredName (GivenNames, FamilyName, TitleCode)
Practitioner.telecom
DefinitionA contact detail for the practitioner, e.g. a telephone number or an email address.
Cardinality0...*
TypeContactPoint
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Need to know how to reach a practitioner independent to any roles the practitioner may have.

Comments

Person may have multiple ways to be contacted with different uses or applicable periods. May need to have options for contacting the person urgently and to help with identification. These typically will have home numbers, or mobile numbers that are not role specific.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • cpt-2:A system is required if a value is provided.
    value.empty() or system.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:XTN
  • rim:TEL
  • servd:ContactPoint
  • v2:PRT-15, STF-10, ROL-12
  • rim:./telecom
  • servd:./ContactPoints
Practitioner.telecom.id
DefinitionUnique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Practitioner.telecom.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.telecom.system
DefinitionTelecommunications form for contact point - what communications system is required to make use of the contact.
Cardinality1...1
Typecode
Binding

Telecommunications form for contact point.

ContactPointSystem (required)
SummaryTrue
Comments

Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:XTN.3
  • rim:./scheme
  • servd:./ContactPointType
Practitioner.telecom.value
DefinitionThe actual contact point details, in a form that is meaningful to the designated communication system (i.e. phone number or email address).
Cardinality1...1
Typestring
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Need to support legacy numbers that are not in a tightly controlled format.

Comments

Additional text data such as phone extension numbers, or notes about use of the contact are sometimes included in the value.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:XTN.1 (or XTN.12)
  • rim:./url
  • servd:./Value
Practitioner.telecom.use
DefinitionIdentifies the purpose for the contact point.
Cardinality0...1
Typecode
Binding

Use of contact point.

ContactPointUse (required)
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Need to track the way a person uses this contact, so a user can choose which is appropriate for their purpose.

Comments

Applications can assume that a contact is current unless it explicitly says that it is temporary or old.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:XTN.2 - but often indicated by field
  • rim:unique(./use)
  • servd:./ContactPointPurpose
Practitioner.telecom.rank
DefinitionSpecifies a preferred order in which to use a set of contacts. ContactPoints with lower rank values are more preferred than those with higher rank values.
Cardinality0...1
TypepositiveInt
SummaryTrue
Comments

Note that rank does not necessarily follow the order in which the contacts are represented in the instance.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:n/a
Practitioner.telecom.period
DefinitionTime period when the contact point was/is in use.
Cardinality0...1
TypePeriod
SummaryTrue
Comments

A Period specifies a range of time; the context of use will specify whether the entire range applies (e.g. "the patient was an inpatient of the hospital for this time range") or one value from the range applies (e.g. "give to the patient between these two times").

Period is not used for a duration (a measure of elapsed time). See Duration.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • per-1:If present, start SHALL have a lower value than end
    start.hasValue().not() or end.hasValue().not() or (start <= end)
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:DR
  • rim:IVL<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"] or URG<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"]
  • v2:N/A
  • rim:./usablePeriod[type="IVL<TS>"]
  • servd:./StartDate and ./EndDate
Practitioner.address
DefinitionAddress(es) of the practitioner that are not role specific (typically home address). Work addresses are not typically entered in this property as they are usually role dependent.
Cardinality0...*
TypeAddress
SummaryTrue
Requirements

The home/mailing address of the practitioner is often required for employee administration purposes, and also for some rostering services where the start point (practitioners home) can be used in calculations.

Comments

The PractitionerRole does not have an address value on it, as it is expected that the location property be used for this purpose (which has an address).

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:XAD
  • rim:AD
  • servd:Address
  • v2:ORC-24, STF-11, ROL-11, PRT-14
  • rim:./addr
  • servd:./Addresses
Practitioner.gender
DefinitionAdministrative Gender - the gender that the person is considered to have for administration and record keeping purposes.
Cardinality1...1
Typecode
Binding

The gender of a person used for administrative purposes.

AdministrativeGender (required)
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Needed to address the person correctly.

Comments

Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:STF-5
  • rim:./administrativeGender
  • servd:./GenderCode
Practitioner.birthDate
DefinitionThe date of birth for the practitioner.
Cardinality0...1
Typedate
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Needed for identification.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:STF-6
  • rim:./birthTime
  • servd:(not represented in ServD)
Practitioner.photo
DefinitionImage of the person.
Cardinality0...*
TypeAttachment
Requirements

Many EHR systems have the capability to capture an image of patients and personnel. Fits with newer social media usage too.

Comments

When providing a summary view (for example with Observation.value[x]) Attachment should be represented with a brief display text such as "Signed Procedure Consent".

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • att-1:If the Attachment has data, it SHALL have a contentType
    data.empty() or contentType.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:ED/RP
  • rim:ED
  • rim:./subjectOf/ObservationEvent[code="photo"]/value
  • servd:./ImageURI (only supports the URI reference)
Practitioner.qualification
DefinitionThe official certifications, training, and licenses that authorize or otherwise pertain to the provision of care by the practitioner. For example, a medical license issued by a medical board authorizing the practitioner to practice medicine within a certian locality.
Cardinality0...*
TypeBackboneElement
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CER?
  • rim:.playingEntity.playingRole[classCode=QUAL].code
  • servd:./Qualifications
Practitioner.qualification.id
DefinitionUnique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Practitioner.qualification.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.qualification.modifierExtension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions. Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Aliasextensions, user content, modifiers
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Practitioner.qualification.identifier
DefinitionAn identifier that applies to this person's qualification in this role.
Cardinality0...*
TypeIdentifier
Requirements

Often, specific identities are assigned for the qualification.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)
  • rim:II - The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs. Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]
  • servd:Identifier
  • rim:.playingEntity.playingRole[classCode=QUAL].id
Practitioner.qualification.code
DefinitionCoded representation of the qualification.
Cardinality1...1
TypeCodeableConcept
Binding

Specific qualification the practitioner has to provide a service.

v2.0360.2.7 (example)
Comments

Not all terminology uses fit this general pattern. In some cases, models should not use CodeableConcept and use Coding directly and provide their own structure for managing text, codings, translations and the relationship between elements and pre- and post-coordination.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CE/CNE/CWE
  • rim:CD
  • orim:fhir:CodeableConcept rdfs:subClassOf dt:CD
  • rim:.playingEntity.playingRole[classCode=QUAL].code
  • servd:./Qualifications.Value
Practitioner.qualification.period
DefinitionPeriod during which the qualification is valid.
Cardinality0...1
TypePeriod
Requirements

Qualifications are often for a limited period of time, and can be revoked.

Comments

A Period specifies a range of time; the context of use will specify whether the entire range applies (e.g. "the patient was an inpatient of the hospital for this time range") or one value from the range applies (e.g. "give to the patient between these two times").

Period is not used for a duration (a measure of elapsed time). See Duration.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • per-1:If present, start SHALL have a lower value than end
    start.hasValue().not() or end.hasValue().not() or (start <= end)
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:DR
  • rim:IVL<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"] or URG<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"]
  • rim:.playingEntity.playingRole[classCode=QUAL].effectiveTime
  • servd:./Qualifications.StartDate and ./Qualifications.EndDate
Practitioner.qualification.issuer
DefinitionOrganization that regulates and issues the qualification.
Cardinality0...1
TypeReference(Organization)
Comments

References SHALL be a reference to an actual FHIR resource, and SHALL be resolveable (allowing for access control, temporary unavailability, etc.). Resolution can be either by retrieval from the URL, or, where applicable by resource type, by treating an absolute reference as a canonical URL and looking it up in a local registry/repository.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ref-1:SHALL have a contained resource if a local reference is provided
    reference.startsWith('#').not() or (reference.substring(1).trace('url') in %rootResource.contained.id.trace('ids'))
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:The target of a resource reference is a RIM entry point (Act, Role, or Entity)
  • rim:.playingEntity.playingRole[classCode=QUAL].scoper
Practitioner.communication
DefinitionA language the practitioner can use in patient communication.
Cardinality0...*
TypeCodeableConcept
Binding

A human language.

CommonLanguages (preferred)
Requirements

Knowing which language a practitioner speaks can help in facilitating communication with patients.

Comments

The structure aa-BB with this exact casing is one the most widely used notations for locale. However not all systems code this but instead have it as free text. Hence CodeableConcept instead of code as the data type.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CE/CNE/CWE
  • rim:CD
  • orim:fhir:CodeableConcept rdfs:subClassOf dt:CD
  • v2:PID-15, NK1-20, LAN-2
  • rim:./languageCommunication
  • servd:./Languages.LanguageSpokenCode