Questionnaire

Defines the ID Core constraints and extensions on the Questionnaire resource for the minimal set of data to query and retrieve questionnaire information.

Usage

This profile is used to organize a collection of questions intended to solicit information from patients, providers or other individuals involved in the healthcare domain.

URL

Type URL
Canonical https://fhir.kemkes.go.id/r4/StructureDefinition/Questionnaire

Structure

Snapshot

urlΣ0..1uri
identifierΣ0..*Identifier
versionΣ0..1string
nameΣ I0..1string
titleΣ0..1string
derivedFrom0..*canonical(Questionnaire)
statusΣ ?!1..1codeBinding
experimentalΣ0..1boolean
subjectTypeΣ0..*codeBinding
dateΣ0..1dateTime
publisherΣ0..1string
contactΣ0..*ContactDetail
description0..1markdown
useContextΣ0..*UsageContext
jurisdictionΣ0..*CodeableConceptBinding
purpose0..1markdown
copyright0..1markdown
approvalDate0..1date
lastReviewDate0..1date
effectivePeriodΣ I0..1Period
codeΣ0..*Coding
linkId1..1string
definition0..1uri
codeI0..*Coding
prefix0..1string
text0..1string
type1..1codeBinding
question1..1string
operator1..1codeBinding
answerBooleanboolean
answerDecimaldecimal
answerIntegerinteger
answerDatedate
answerDateTimedateTime
answerTimetime
answerStringstring
answerCodingCoding
answerQuantityQuantity
answerReferenceReference(Resource)
enableBehaviorI0..1codeBinding
requiredI0..1boolean
repeatsI0..1boolean
readOnlyI0..1boolean
maxLengthI0..1integer
answerValueSetI0..1canonical(ValueSet)
valueIntegerinteger
valueDatedate
valueTimetime
valueStringstring
valueCodingCoding
valueReferenceReference(Resource)
initialSelected0..1boolean
valueBooleanboolean
valueDecimaldecimal
valueIntegerinteger
valueDatedate
valueDateTimedateTime
valueTimetime
valueStringstring
valueUriuri
valueAttachmentAttachment
valueCodingCoding
valueQuantityQuantity
valueReferenceReference(Resource)
itemI0..*see (item)

Examples

Dictionary

Questionnaire
DefinitionA structured set of questions intended to guide the collection of answers from end-users. Questionnaires provide detailed control over order, presentation, phraseology and grouping to allow coherent, consistent data collection.
Cardinality0...*
AliasForm, CRF, Survey
Invariants
  • dom-2:If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT contain nested Resources
    contained.contained.empty()
  • dom-4:If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a meta.versionId or a meta.lastUpdated
    contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()
  • dom-3:If the resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL be referred to from elsewhere in the resource or SHALL refer to the containing resource
    contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()
  • dom-6:A resource should have narrative for robust management
    text.`div`.exists()
  • dom-5:If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label
    contained.meta.security.empty()
  • que-2:The link ids for groups and questions must be unique within the questionnaire
    descendants().linkId.isDistinct()
  • que-0:Name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation
    name.matches('[A-Z]([A-Za-z0-9_]){0,254}')
Mappings
  • rim:Entity. Role, or Act
  • workflow:Definition
  • rim:Observation[moodCode=DEF]
Questionnaire.id
DefinitionThe logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
SummaryTrue
Comments

The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.

Questionnaire.meta
DefinitionThe metadata about the resource. This is content that is maintained by the infrastructure. Changes to the content might not always be associated with version changes to the resource.
Cardinality0...1
TypeMeta
SummaryTrue
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.implicitRules
DefinitionA reference to a set of rules that were followed when the resource was constructed, and which must be understood when processing the content. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.
Cardinality0...1
Typeuri
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Comments

Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Questionnaire.language
DefinitionThe base language in which the resource is written.
Cardinality0...1
Typecode
Binding

A human language.

CommonLanguages (preferred)
Comments

Language is provided to support indexing and accessibility (typically, services such as text to speech use the language tag). The html language tag in the narrative applies to the narrative. The language tag on the resource may be used to specify the language of other presentations generated from the data in the resource. Not all the content has to be in the base language. The Resource.language should not be assumed to apply to the narrative automatically. If a language is specified, it should it also be specified on the div element in the html (see rules in HTML5 for information about the relationship between xml:lang and the html lang attribute).

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Questionnaire.text
DefinitionA human-readable narrative that contains a summary of the resource and can be used to represent the content of the resource to a human. The narrative need not encode all the structured data, but is required to contain sufficient detail to make it "clinically safe" for a human to just read the narrative. Resource definitions may define what content should be represented in the narrative to ensure clinical safety.
Cardinality0...1
TypeNarrative
Aliasnarrative, html, xhtml, display
Comments

Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied). This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a "text blob" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
  • rim:Act.text?
Questionnaire.contained
DefinitionThese resources do not have an independent existence apart from the resource that contains them - they cannot be identified independently, and nor can they have their own independent transaction scope.
Cardinality0...*
TypeResource
Aliasinline resources, anonymous resources, contained resources
Comments

This should never be done when the content can be identified properly, as once identification is lost, it is extremely difficult (and context dependent) to restore it again. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels.

Mappings
  • rim:Entity. Role, or Act
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.modifierExtension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions. Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
ModifierTrue
Aliasextensions, user content
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.url
DefinitionAn absolute URI that is used to identify this questionnaire when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance; also called its canonical identifier. This SHOULD be globally unique and SHOULD be a literal address at which at which an authoritative instance of this questionnaire is (or will be) published. This URL can be the target of a canonical reference. It SHALL remain the same when the questionnaire is stored on different servers.
Cardinality0...1
Typeuri
SummaryTrue
Requirements

… This is the id that will be used to link a QuestionnaireResponse to the Questionnaire the response is for.

Comments

The name of the referenced questionnaire can be conveyed using the http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/display extension.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.url
  • w5:FiveWs.identifier
  • rim:.identifier[scope=BUSN;reliability=ISS]
Questionnaire.identifier
DefinitionA formal identifier that is used to identify this questionnaire when it is represented in other formats, or referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance.
Cardinality0...*
TypeIdentifier
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Allows externally provided and/or usable business identifiers to be easily associated with the module.

Comments

Typically, this is used for identifiers that can go in an HL7 V3 II (instance identifier) data type, and can then identify this questionnaire outside of FHIR, where it is not possible to use the logical URI.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CX / EI (occasionally, more often EI maps to a resource id or a URL)
  • rim:II - The Identifier class is a little looser than the v3 type II because it allows URIs as well as registered OIDs or GUIDs. Also maps to Role[classCode=IDENT]
  • servd:Identifier
  • workflow:Definition.identifier
  • w5:FiveWs.identifier
  • rim:.identifier
  • objimpl:no-gen-base
Questionnaire.version
DefinitionThe identifier that is used to identify this version of the questionnaire when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the questionnaire author and is not expected to be globally unique. For example, it might be a timestamp (e.g. yyyymmdd) if a managed version is not available. There is also no expectation that versions can be placed in a lexicographical sequence.
Cardinality0...1
Typestring
SummaryTrue
Comments

There may be different questionnaire instances that have the same identifier but different versions. The version can be appended to the url in a reference to allow a reference to a particular business version of the questionnaire with the format [url]|[version].

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.version
  • w5:FiveWs.version
  • rim:N/A (to add?)
Questionnaire.name
DefinitionA natural language name identifying the questionnaire. This name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation.
Cardinality0...1
Typestring
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Support human navigation and code generation.

Comments

The name is not expected to be globally unique. The name should be a simple alphanumeric type name to ensure that it is machine-processing friendly.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.title
DefinitionA short, descriptive, user-friendly title for the questionnaire.
Cardinality0...1
Typestring
SummaryTrue
Comments

This name does not need to be machine-processing friendly and may contain punctuation, white-space, etc.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.title
  • rim:.title
Questionnaire.derivedFrom
DefinitionThe URL of a Questionnaire that this Questionnaire is based on.
Cardinality0...*
Typecanonical(Questionnaire)
Requirements

Allows a Questionnaire to be created based on another Questionnaire.

Comments

see Canonical References

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.derivedFrom
  • rim:.outboundRelationship[typeCode=DRIV].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN]
Questionnaire.status
DefinitionThe status of this questionnaire. Enables tracking the life-cycle of the content.
Cardinality1...1
Typecode
Binding

The lifecycle status of an artifact.

PublicationStatus (required)
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Comments

Allows filtering of questionnaires that are appropriate for use versus not.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.status
  • w5:FiveWs.status
  • rim:.status
Questionnaire.experimental
DefinitionA Boolean value to indicate that this questionnaire is authored for testing purposes (or education/evaluation/marketing) and is not intended to be used for genuine usage.
Cardinality0...1
Typeboolean
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Enables experimental content to be developed following the same lifecycle that would be used for a production-level questionnaire.

Comments

Allows filtering of questionnaires that are appropriate for use versus not.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.experimental
  • w5:FiveWs.class
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.subjectType
DefinitionThe types of subjects that can be the subject of responses created for the questionnaire.
Cardinality0...*
Typecode
Binding

One of the resource types defined as part of this version of FHIR.

ResourceType (required)
SummaryTrue
Comments

If none are specified, then the subject is unlimited.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.subject[x]
  • rim:.outboundRelationship[typeCode=META].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEFN, isCriterion=true].participation.role.classCode
Questionnaire.date
DefinitionThe date (and optionally time) when the questionnaire was published. The date must change when the business version changes and it must change if the status code changes. In addition, it should change when the substantive content of the questionnaire changes.
Cardinality0...1
TypedateTime
SummaryTrue
AliasRevision Date
Comments

Note that this is not the same as the resource last-modified-date, since the resource may be a secondary representation of the questionnaire. Additional specific dates may be added as extensions or be found by consulting Provenances associated with past versions of the resource.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.date
  • w5:FiveWs.recorded
  • rim:.participation[typeCode=AUT].time
Questionnaire.publisher
DefinitionThe name of the organization or individual that published the questionnaire.
Cardinality0...1
Typestring
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Helps establish the "authority/credibility" of the questionnaire. May also allow for contact.

Comments

Usually an organization but may be an individual. The publisher (or steward) of the questionnaire is the organization or individual primarily responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the questionnaire. This is not necessarily the same individual or organization that developed and initially authored the content. The publisher is the primary point of contact for questions or issues with the questionnaire. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.publisher
  • w5:FiveWs.witness
  • rim:.participation[typeCode=AUT].role
Questionnaire.contact
DefinitionContact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publisher.
Cardinality0...*
TypeContactDetail
SummaryTrue
Comments

May be a web site, an email address, a telephone number, etc.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.contact
  • rim:.participation[typeCode=CALLBCK].role
Questionnaire.description
DefinitionA free text natural language description of the questionnaire from a consumer's perspective.
Cardinality0...1
Typemarkdown
Comments

This description can be used to capture details such as why the questionnaire was built, comments about misuse, instructions for clinical use and interpretation, literature references, examples from the paper world, etc. It is not a rendering of the questionnaire as conveyed in the 'text' field of the resource itself. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context (e.g. the language of the questionnaire is presumed to be the predominant language in the place the questionnaire was created).

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.description
  • rim:.text
Questionnaire.useContext
DefinitionThe content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These contexts may be general categories (gender, age, ...) or may be references to specific programs (insurance plans, studies, ...) and may be used to assist with indexing and searching for appropriate questionnaire instances.
Cardinality0...*
TypeUsageContext
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Assist in searching for appropriate content.

Comments

When multiple useContexts are specified, there is no expectation that all or any of the contexts apply.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.useContext
  • rim:N/A (to add?)
Questionnaire.jurisdiction
DefinitionA legal or geographic region in which the questionnaire is intended to be used.
Cardinality0...*
TypeCodeableConcept
Binding

Countries and regions within which this artifact is targeted for use.

Jurisdiction ValueSet (extensible)
SummaryTrue
Comments

It may be possible for the questionnaire to be used in jurisdictions other than those for which it was originally designed or intended.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CE/CNE/CWE
  • rim:CD
  • orim:fhir:CodeableConcept rdfs:subClassOf dt:CD
  • workflow:Definition.jurisdiction
  • rim:N/A (to add?)
Questionnaire.purpose
DefinitionExplanation of why this questionnaire is needed and why it has been designed as it has.
Cardinality0...1
Typemarkdown
Comments

This element does not describe the usage of the questionnaire. Instead, it provides traceability of ''why'' the resource is either needed or ''why'' it is defined as it is. This may be used to point to source materials or specifications that drove the structure of this questionnaire.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.purpose
  • w5:FiveWs.why[x]
  • rim:.reasonCode.text
  • objimpl:no-gen-base
Questionnaire.copyright
DefinitionA copyright statement relating to the questionnaire and/or its contents. Copyright statements are generally legal restrictions on the use and publishing of the questionnaire.
Cardinality0...1
Typemarkdown
AliasLicense, Restrictions
Requirements

Consumers must be able to determine any legal restrictions on the use of the questionnaire and/or its content.

Comments

Systems are not required to have markdown support, so the text should be readable without markdown processing. The markdown syntax is GFM - see https://github.github.com/gfm/

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.copyright
  • rim:N/A (to add?)
  • objimpl:no-gen-base
Questionnaire.approvalDate
DefinitionThe date on which the resource content was approved by the publisher. Approval happens once when the content is officially approved for usage.
Cardinality0...1
Typedate
Comments

The 'date' element may be more recent than the approval date because of minor changes or editorial corrections.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.approvalDate
  • rim:.outboundRelationship[typeCode="SUBJ"].act[classCode=CACT;moodCode=EVN;code="approval"].effectiveTime
  • objimpl:no-gen-base
Questionnaire.lastReviewDate
DefinitionThe date on which the resource content was last reviewed. Review happens periodically after approval but does not change the original approval date.
Cardinality0...1
Typedate
Requirements

Gives a sense of how "current" the content is. Resources that have not been reviewed in a long time may have a risk of being less appropriate/relevant.

Comments

If specified, this date follows the original approval date.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • workflow:Definition.lastReviewDate
  • rim:.outboundRelationship[typeCode="SUBJ"; subsetCode="RECENT"].act[classCode=CACT;moodCode=EVN;code="review"].effectiveTime
  • objimpl:no-gen-base
Questionnaire.effectivePeriod
DefinitionThe period during which the questionnaire content was or is planned to be in active use.
Cardinality0...1
TypePeriod
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Allows establishing a transition before a resource comes into effect and also allows for a sunsetting process when new versions of the questionnaire are or are expected to be used instead.

Comments

The effective period for a questionnaire determines when the content is applicable for usage and is independent of publication and review dates. For example, a measure intended to be used for the year 2016 might be published in 2015.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • per-1:If present, start SHALL have a lower value than end
    start.hasValue().not() or end.hasValue().not() or (start <= end)
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:DR
  • rim:IVL<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"] or URG<TS>[lowClosed="true" and highClosed="true"]
  • workflow:Definition.effectivePeriod
  • rim:N/A (to add?)
  • objimpl:no-gen-base
Questionnaire.code
DefinitionAn identifier for this question or group of questions in a particular terminology such as LOINC.
Cardinality0...*
TypeCoding
Binding

Codes for questionnaires, groups and individual questions.

QuestionnaireQuestionCodes (example)
SummaryTrue
Requirements

Allows linking of the complete Questionnaire resources to formal terminologies. It's common for "panels" of questions to be identified by a code.

Comments

Codes may be defined very casually in enumerations or code lists, up to very formal definitions such as SNOMED CT - see the HL7 v3 Core Principles for more information.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CE/CNE/CWE subset one of the sets of component 1-3 or 4-6
  • rim:CV
  • orim:fhir:Coding rdfs:subClassOf dt:CDCoding
  • rim:.code
Questionnaire.item
DefinitionA particular question, question grouping or display text that is part of the questionnaire.
Cardinality0...*
TypeBackboneElement
Comments

The content of the questionnaire is constructed from an ordered, hierarchical collection of items.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • que-9:Read-only can't be specified for "display" items
    type!='display' or readOnly.empty()
  • que-8:Initial values can't be specified for groups or display items
    (type!='group' and type!='display') or initial.empty()
  • que-6:Required and repeat aren't permitted for display items
    type!='display' or (required.empty() and repeats.empty())
  • que-5:Only 'choice' and 'open-choice' items can have answerValueSet
    (type ='choice' or type = 'open-choice' or type = 'decimal' or type = 'integer' or type = 'date' or type = 'dateTime' or type = 'time' or type = 'string' or type = 'quantity') or (answerValueSet.empty() and answerOption.empty())
  • que-4:A question cannot have both answerOption and answerValueSet
    answerOption.empty() or answerValueSet.empty()
  • que-3:Display items cannot have a "code" asserted
    type!='display' or code.empty()
  • que-10:Maximum length can only be declared for simple question types
    (type in ('boolean' | 'decimal' | 'integer' | 'string' | 'text' | 'url' | 'open-choice')) or maxLength.empty()
  • que-1:Group items must have nested items, display items cannot have nested items
    (type='group' implies item.empty().not()) and (type.trace('type')='display' implies item.trace('item').empty())
  • que-13:Can only have multiple initial values for repeating items
    repeats=true or initial.count() <= 1
  • que-11:If one or more answerOption is present, initial[x] must be missing
    answerOption.empty() or initial.empty()
  • que-12:If there are more than one enableWhen, enableBehavior must be specified
    enableWhen.count() > 2 implies enableBehavior.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:.outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEF]
Questionnaire.item.id
DefinitionUnique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Questionnaire.item.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.modifierExtension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions. Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Aliasextensions, user content, modifiers
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.linkId
DefinitionAn identifier that is unique within the Questionnaire allowing linkage to the equivalent item in a QuestionnaireResponse resource.
Cardinality1...1
Typestring
Requirements

QuestionnaireResponse does not require omitted items to be included and may have some items that repeat, so linkage based on position alone is not sufficient.

Comments

This ''can'' be a meaningful identifier (e.g. a LOINC code) but is not intended to have any meaning. GUIDs or sequential numbers are appropriate here.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:.id
Questionnaire.item.definition
DefinitionThis element is a URI that refers to an [ElementDefinition](elementdefinition.html) that provides information about this item, including information that might otherwise be included in the instance of the Questionnaire resource. A detailed description of the construction of the URI is shown in Comments, below. If this element is present then the following element values MAY be derived from the Element Definition if the corresponding elements of this Questionnaire resource instance have no value: * code (ElementDefinition.code) * type (ElementDefinition.type) * required (ElementDefinition.min) * repeats (ElementDefinition.max) * maxLength (ElementDefinition.maxLength) * answerValueSet (ElementDefinition.binding) * options (ElementDefinition.binding).
Cardinality0...1
Typeuri
Requirements

A common pattern is to define a set of data elements and then build multiple questionnaires for different circumstances to gather the data. This element provides traceability to the common definition and allows the content for the question to come from the underlying definition.

Comments

The uri refers to an ElementDefinition in a StructureDefinition and always starts with the canonical URL for the target resource. When referring to a StructureDefinition, a fragment identifier is used to specify the element definition by its id Element.id. E.g. http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Observation#Observation.value[x]. In the absence of a fragment identifier, the first/root element definition in the target is the matching element definition.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:.outboundRelationship[typeCode=INST].target[classCode=OBS, moodCode=DEF]
Questionnaire.item.code
DefinitionA terminology code that corresponds to this group or question (e.g. a code from LOINC, which defines many questions and answers).
Cardinality0...*
TypeCoding
Binding

Codes for questionnaires, groups and individual questions.

QuestionnaireQuestionCodes (example)
Requirements

Allows linking of groups of questions to formal terminologies.

Comments

The value may come from the ElementDefinition referred to by .definition.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:CE/CNE/CWE subset one of the sets of component 1-3 or 4-6
  • rim:CV
  • orim:fhir:Coding rdfs:subClassOf dt:CDCoding
  • rim:.code
Questionnaire.item.prefix
DefinitionA short label for a particular group, question or set of display text within the questionnaire used for reference by the individual completing the questionnaire.
Cardinality0...1
Typestring
Aliaslabel
Requirements

Separating the label from the question text allows improved rendering. Also, instructions will often refer to specific prefixes, so there's a need for the questionnaire design to have control over what labels are used.

Comments

These are generally unique within a questionnaire, though this is not guaranteed. Some questionnaires may have multiple questions with the same label with logic to control which gets exposed. Typically, these won't be used for "display" items, though such use is not prohibited. Systems SHOULD NOT generate their own prefixes if prefixes are defined for any items within a Questionnaire.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:Not supported
Questionnaire.item.text
DefinitionThe name of a section, the text of a question or text content for a display item.
Cardinality0...1
Typestring
Comments

When using this element to represent the name of a section, use group type item and also make sure to limit the text element to a short string suitable for display as a section heading. Group item instructions should be included as a display type item within the group.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:.text
Questionnaire.item.type
DefinitionThe type of questionnaire item this is - whether text for display, a grouping of other items or a particular type of data to be captured (string, integer, coded choice, etc.).
Cardinality1...1
Typecode
Binding

Distinguishes groups from questions and display text and indicates data type for questions.

QuestionnaireItemType (required)
Requirements

Defines the format in which the user is to be prompted for the answer.

Comments

Additional constraints on the type of answer can be conveyed by extensions. The value may come from the ElementDefinition referred to by .definition.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.enableWhen
DefinitionA constraint indicating that this item should only be enabled (displayed/allow answers to be captured) when the specified condition is true.
Cardinality0...*
TypeBackboneElement
ModifierTrue
Requirements

Allows questionnaires to adapt based on answers to other questions. E.g. If physical gender is specified as a male, no need to capture pregnancy history. Also allows conditional display of instructions or groups of questions.

Comments

If multiple repetitions of this extension are present, the item should be enabled when the condition for any of the repetitions is true. I.e. treat "enableWhen"s as being joined by an "or" clause. This element is a modifier because if enableWhen is present for an item, "required" is ignored unless one of the enableWhen conditions is met. When an item is disabled, all of its descendants are disabled, regardless of what their own enableWhen logic might evaluate to.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • que-7:If the operator is 'exists', the value must be a boolean
    operator = 'exists' implies (answer is Boolean)
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.enableWhen.id
DefinitionUnique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Questionnaire.item.enableWhen.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.enableWhen.modifierExtension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions. Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Aliasextensions, user content, modifiers
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.enableWhen.question
DefinitionThe linkId for the question whose answer (or lack of answer) governs whether this item is enabled.
Cardinality1...1
Typestring
Comments

If multiple question occurrences are present for the same question (same linkId), then this refers to the nearest question occurrence reachable by tracing first the "ancestor" axis and then the "preceding" axis and then the "following" axis.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.enableWhen.operator
DefinitionSpecifies the criteria by which the question is enabled.
Cardinality1...1
Typecode
Binding

The criteria by which a question is enabled.

QuestionnaireItemOperator (required)
Comments

Note that FHIR strings SHALL NOT exceed 1MB in size

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.enableWhen.answer[x]
DefinitionA value that the referenced question is tested using the specified operator in order for the item to be enabled.
Cardinality1...1
Typeboolean
Binding

Allowed values to answer questions.

QuestionnaireAnswerCodes (example)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.enableBehavior
DefinitionControls how multiple enableWhen values are interpreted - whether all or any must be true.
Cardinality0...1
Typecode
Binding

Controls how multiple enableWhen values are interpreted - whether all or any must be true.

EnableWhenBehavior (required)
Comments

This element must be specified if more than one enableWhen value is provided.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.required
DefinitionAn indication, if true, that the item must be present in a "completed" QuestionnaireResponse. If false, the item may be skipped when answering the questionnaire.
Cardinality0...1
Typeboolean
Comments

Questionnaire.item.required only has meaning for elements that are conditionally enabled with enableWhen if the condition evaluates to true. If an item that contains other items is marked as required, that does not automatically make the contained elements required (though required groups must contain at least one child element). The value may come from the ElementDefinition referred to by .definition.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.repeats
DefinitionAn indication, if true, that the item may occur multiple times in the response, collecting multiple answers for questions or multiple sets of answers for groups.
Cardinality0...1
Typeboolean
Requirements

Items may be used to create set of (related) questions that can be repeated to give multiple answers to such a set.

Comments

If a question is marked as repeats=true, then multiple answers can be provided for the question in the corresponding QuestionnaireResponse. When rendering the questionnaire, it is up to the rendering software whether to render the question text for each answer repetition (i.e. "repeat the question") or to simply allow entry/selection of multiple answers for the question (repeat the answers). Which is most appropriate visually may depend on the type of answer as well as whether there are nested items.

The resulting QuestionnaireResponse will be populated the same way regardless of rendering - one 'question' item with multiple answer values.

The value may come from the ElementDefinition referred to by .definition.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.readOnly
DefinitionAn indication, when true, that the value cannot be changed by a human respondent to the Questionnaire.
Cardinality0...1
Typeboolean
Requirements

Allows certain information to be phrased (and rendered) as a question and an answer, while keeping users from changing it. May also be useful for preventing changes to pre-populated portions of a questionnaire, for calculated values, etc.

Comments

The value of readOnly elements can be established by asserting extensions for defaultValues, linkages that support pre-population and/or extensions that support calculation based on other answers.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.maxLength
DefinitionThe maximum number of characters that are permitted in the answer to be considered a "valid" QuestionnaireResponse.
Cardinality0...1
Typeinteger
Comments

For base64binary, reflects the number of characters representing the encoded data, not the number of bytes of the binary data. The value may come from the ElementDefinition referred to by .definition.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • v2:N/A
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.answerValueSet
DefinitionA reference to a value set containing a list of codes representing permitted answers for a "choice" or "open-choice" question.
Cardinality0...1
Typecanonical(ValueSet)
Comments

LOINC defines many useful value sets for questionnaire responses. See LOINC Answer Lists. The value may come from the ElementDefinition referred to by .definition.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.answerOption
DefinitionOne of the permitted answers for a "choice" or "open-choice" question.
Cardinality0...*
TypeBackboneElement
Comments

This element can be used when the value set machinery of answerValueSet is deemed too cumbersome or when there's a need to capture possible answers that are not codes.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.answerOption.id
DefinitionUnique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Questionnaire.item.answerOption.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.answerOption.modifierExtension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions. Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Aliasextensions, user content, modifiers
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.answerOption.value[x]
DefinitionA potential answer that's allowed as the answer to this question.
Cardinality1...1
Typeinteger
Binding

Allowed values to answer questions.

QuestionnaireAnswerCodes (example)
Comments

The data type of the value must agree with the item.type.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.answerOption.initialSelected
DefinitionIndicates whether the answer value is selected when the list of possible answers is initially shown.
Cardinality0...1
Typeboolean
Comments

Use this instead of initial[v] if answerValueSet is present.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.initial
DefinitionOne or more values that should be pre-populated in the answer when initially rendering the questionnaire for user input.
Cardinality0...*
TypeBackboneElement
Requirements

In some workflows, having defaults saves time.

Comments

The user is allowed to change the value and override the default (unless marked as read-only). If the user doesn't change the value, then this initial value will be persisted when the QuestionnaireResponse is initially created. Note that initial values can influence results. The data type of initial[x] must agree with the item.type, and only repeating items can have more then one initial value.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.initial.id
DefinitionUnique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.
Cardinality0...1
TypeSystem.String
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
Questionnaire.item.initial.extension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
Aliasextensions, user content
Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

SlicingUnordered, Open, by url(Value)
Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.initial.modifierExtension
DefinitionMay be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained and/or the understanding of the containing element's descendants. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions. Modifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).
Cardinality0...*
TypeExtension
ModifierTrue
SummaryTrue
Aliasextensions, user content, modifiers
Requirements

Modifier extensions allow for extensions that cannot be safely ignored to be clearly distinguished from the vast majority of extensions which can be safely ignored. This promotes interoperability by eliminating the need for implementers to prohibit the presence of extensions. For further information, see the definition of modifier extensions.

Comments

There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions. The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
  • ext-1:Must have either extensions or value[x], not both
    extension.exists() != value.exists()
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A
Questionnaire.item.initial.value[x]
DefinitionThe actual value to for an initial answer.
Cardinality1...1
Typeboolean
Binding

Allowed values to answer questions.

QuestionnaireAnswerCodes (example)
Comments

The type of the initial value must be consistent with the type of the item.

Invariants
  • ele-1:All FHIR elements must have a @value or children
    hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())
Mappings
  • rim:n/a
  • rim:N/A - MIF rather than RIM level
Questionnaire.item.item
DefinitionText, questions and other groups to be nested beneath a question or group.
Cardinality0...*
Typesee (item)
Requirements

Reports can consist of complex nested groups.

Comments

There is no specified limit to the depth of nesting. However, Questionnaire authors are encouraged to consider the impact on the user and user interface of overly deep nesting.

Mappings
  • rim:.outboundRelationship[typeCode=COMP].target